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Total length 55 in (140 cm); maximum weight 53.6 lb (24.3 kg). Body relatively large, elongate, and robust. Pronounced sloping forehead and snout. Color silvery with faint olive or greenish hues dorsally, lateral line is black and highly visible. Caudal fin is large and somewhat forked. There are 8–9 spines and 10 soft rays in the dorsal fin, and 3 spines and 6 soft rays in the anal fin.
Western Atlantic region, in the United States from North Carolina south to Florida, and west along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico coast as far west as Texas; south through several islands in the Caribbean to the coasts of Central and South America, and further south as far as Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.
Shallow coastal marine, brackish, and fresh waters, mainly in estuaries and lagoons and usually in association with mangroves.
Solitary, usually in association with structure but also swims in the water column. Migrates for spawning but will also migrate, for an as yet unexplained reason, into fresh water seasonally.
Feeding Ecology & Diet
Snook prey on smaller benthic and inshore pelagic fishes, as well as crustaceans such as shrimps and crabs.